v. (past and past part. lost)
1 tr. be deprived of or cease to have, esp. by negligence or misadventure.
2 tr. a be deprived of (a person, esp. a close relative) by death. b suffer the loss of (a baby) in childbirth.
3 tr. become unable to find; fail to keep in sight or follow or mentally grasp (lose one's way).
4 tr. let or have pass from one's control or reach (lose one's chance; lose one's bearings).
5 tr. be defeated in (a game, race, lawsuit, battle, etc.).
6 tr. evade; get rid of (lost our pursuers).
7 tr. fail to obtain, catch, or perceive (lose a train; lose a word).
8 tr. forfeit (a stake, deposit, right to a thing, etc.).
9 tr. spend (time, efforts, etc.) to no purpose (lost no time in raising the alarm).
10 intr. a suffer loss or detriment; incur a disadvantage. b be worse off, esp. financially.
11 tr. cause (a person) the loss of (will lose you your job).
12 intr. & tr. (of a timepiece) become slow; become slow by (a specified amount of time).
13 tr. (in passive) disappear, perish; be dead (was lost in the war; is a lost art).
Phrases and idioms:
be lost (or lose oneself) in be engrossed in. be lost on be wasted on, or not noticed or appreciated by. be lost to be no longer affected by or accessible to (is lost to pity; is lost to the world). be lost without have great difficulty if deprived of (am lost without my diary). get lost sl. (usu. in imper.) go away. lose one's balance
1 fail to remain stable; fall.
2 fail to retain one's composure. lose one's cool colloq. lose one's composure. lose face be humiliated; lose one's credibility. lose ground see GROUND(1). lose one's head see HEAD. lose heart be discouraged. lose one's heart see HEART. lose one's nerve become timid or irresolute. lose out (often foll. by on) colloq. be unsuccessful; not get a fair chance or advantage (in). lose one's temper become angry. lose time allow time to pass with something unachieved etc. lose touch see TOUCH. lose track of see TRACK(1). lose the (or one's) way become lost; fail to reach one's destination. losing battle a contest or effort in which failure seems certain.
lost cause
1 an enterprise etc. with no chance of success.
2 a person one can no longer hope to influence.
lost generation
1 a generation with many of its men killed in war, esp. that of 1914-18.
2 an emotionally and culturally unstable generation coming to maturity, esp. in 1915-25.
losable adj.
Etymology: OE losian perish, destroy f. los loss

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • lose — W1S1 [lu:z] v past tense and past participle lost [lɔst US lo:st] ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(stop having attitude/quality etc)¦ 2¦(not win)¦ 3¦(cannot find something)¦ 4¦(stop having something)¦ 5¦(death)¦ 6¦(money)¦ 7 have nothing to lose 8¦(time)¦ …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • lose — [ luz ] (past tense and past participle lost [ lɔst ] ) verb *** ▸ 1 stop having something ▸ 2 be unable to find ▸ 3 not win ▸ 4 have less than before ▸ 5 when someone dies ▸ 6 no longer see/hear etc. ▸ 7 not have body part ▸ 8 stop having… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • lose — [luːz] verb lost PTandPP [lɒst ǁ lɒːst] losing PRESPART [transitive] 1. to stop having something any more, or to have less of it: • The industry has lost 60,000 jobs. • After a boardroom battle, Dixon lost control of the company …   Financial and business terms

  • Lose — (l[=oo]z), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Lost} (l[o^]st; 115) p. pr. & vb. n. {Losing} (l[=oo]z [i^]ng).] [OE. losien to loose, be lost, lose, AS. losian to become loose; akin to OE. leosen to lose, p. p. loren, lorn, AS. le[ o]san, p. p. loren (in comp.) …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lose — [lo͞oz] vt. lost, losing [ME losen, lesen, merging OE losian, to lose, be lost (< los, LOSS) + leosan, to lose, akin to OHG (vir)liosan, Goth (fra)liusan < IE base * leu , to cut off, separate > Gr lyein, to dissolve; L luere, to loose,… …   English World dictionary

  • lose — ► VERB (past and past part. lost) 1) be deprived of or cease to have or retain. 2) become unable to find. 3) fail to win. 4) earn less (money) than one is spending. 5) waste or fail to take advantage of. 6) ( …   English terms dictionary

  • Lose — Lose, r, ste, adj. et adv. welches die Bedeutungen der Wörter los, leicht und liederlich in sich zu vereinigen scheinet. Es bedeutet, 1. In mehr eigentlichem Verstande. 1) * Nicht die gehörige Festigkeit habend, in welcher aber los ohne e… …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • lose — (v.) O.E. losian be lost, perish, from los destruction, loss, from P.Gmc. *lausa (Cf. O.N. los the breaking up of an army; O.E. forleosan to lose, O.Fris. forliasa, O.S. farliosan, M.Du. verliesen, O.H.G. firliosan, Ger. verlieren …   Etymology dictionary

  • lose — lüz vt, lost lȯst; los·ing 1) to become deprived of or lacking in <lose consciousness> <lost her sense of smell> also to part with in an unforeseen or accidental manner <lose a leg in an auto crash> 2 a) to suffer deprivation… …   Medical dictionary

  • loše — lȍše pril. <komp. gȍrē> DEFINICIJA slabo, krivo, zlo, nevaljalo, pokvareno [loše mi ide; nije loše u dijaloškoj situaciji kao odgovor: vrlo dobro, odlično, bolje od očekivanoga; loše postupati; stvari stoje loše] ETIMOLOGIJA vidi loš …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • lose — [v1] be deprived of; mislay be careless, become poorer, be impoverished, bereave, be reduced, capitulate, consume, default, deplete, disinherit, displace, dispossess, dissipate, divest, drain, drop, exhaust, expend, fail, fail to keep, fall short …   New thesaurus

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”